CHINESE ARCHITECTURE

Chinese architecture is a style of architecture that has taken shape in East Asia over many centuries. The structural principles of Chinese architecture have remained largely unchanged, the main changes being only the decorative details. Since the Tang Dynasty, Chinese architecture has had a major influence on the architectural styles of Korea, Vietnam, and Japan.

"The architecture of China is as old as Chinese civilization. From every source of information—literary, graphic, exemplary—there is strong evidence testifying to the fact that the Chinese have always enjoyed an indigenous system of construction that has retained its principal characteristics from prehistoric times to the present day. Over the vast area from Chinese Turkistan to Japan, from Manchuria to the northern half of French Indochina, the same system of construction is prevalent; and this was the area of Chinese cultural influence. That this system of construction could perpetuate itself for more than four thousand years over such a vast territory and still remain a living architecture, retaining its principal characteristics in spite of repeated foreign invasions—military, intellectual, and spiritual—is a phenomenon comparable only to the continuity of the civilization of which it is an integral part."

— Liang, Ssu-ch'eng, 1984

Roof Types and Hierarchy
Courtyard System
Further Readings
Liang, Ssu-ch'eng 1984, A pictorial history of Chinese architecture: a study of the development of its structural system and the evolution of its types, ed. by Wilma Fairbanks, Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press
Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman. Chinese architecture. The culture and civilization of China. New Haven: Yale University Press. 2002.
Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman. "Liao: An Architectural Tradition in the Making," Artibus Asiae (Volume 54, Number 1/2, 1994): 5–39.
Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman, "The Tang Architectural Icon and the Politics of Chinese Architectural History," The Art Bulletin 86 (2)(2004): 228–254. 228–229.
Qinghua Guo, "Tomb Architecture of Dynastic China: Old and New Questions," Architectural History 47(2004): 1–24. 12.
External Links
History of Chinese Architecture
EdX Course | Tsinghua University